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What is a Tsunami?

 

Earthquake on the ocean floor can give a tremendous push to surrounding seawater and create one or more large, destruction waves called tsunami, also known as seismic sea waves, but scientists think the term is misleading because the waves are not caused by the tide. Tsunamis may build to heights of more than 100 feet (30 m) when they reach shallow water near shore. In the open ocean, tsunamis typically move at speeds of 500 to 600 miles (800 to 970 km) per hour. They can travel great distance while diminishing little in size and can flood coastal areas thousands of miles from their source. Another form of tsunami is called a storm surge, in which giant waves are whipped up by a storm. In 1970 a storm surge and cyclone hit Bangladesh, killing 266000 people. It returned again in 1985, killing another 10000 people

 

Fact File

 

Probably the best known gauge of earthquake intensity is the local Richter magnitude scale, developed in 1935 by United States seismologist Charles  F.Richter

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