SSLC SOCIAL SCIENCE

  1. How did the activities of ombudsman helps to the public to prevent corruption.
  2. The following statements are classified into features of bureaucracy and institutions constituted to prevent corruption.
  3. Write any three uses of E. Governance.
  4. What do you meant by population census? Why are population studies conducted?
  5. How much does the northern mountain region influences in shaping the climate and life of India? Explain.
  6. Write any four advantages of improved human resource.
  7. Explain the circumstances for choosing language as the criterion for the reorganisation of states in independent India.
  8. ‘Healthy persons can participate in the progress of a country’. Evaluate the statement.
  9. Integration of princely states was one of the major challenges faced by independent India. How did India overcome this challenge?
  10. The projects implemented in India to develop education and skills are given below. Write the goals of these projects.
  11. a) Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
  12. b) Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)

Answers

1.• Complaints can be filed against their corruption, Nepotism or financial misappropriation or negligence of duties.

  • People can directly approach the ombudsman with complaints.
  • On receiving complaints, the ombudsman has the power to summon anyone and can order enquiry and recommended actions.

2 • E. Governance

  • Permanance
  • Political neutrality
  • Right to service
  • Ombudsman
  • Hierarchical organisation
  • Information commission

Features of Bureaucracy

  • Permanance
  • Hierarchical organisation
  • Political neutrality

Institutions constituted to prevent corruption

  • E – Governance
  • Ombudsman
  • Information Commission
  1. • Can receive service with the help of information technology.
  • Government services offered speadily expense.
  • Efficiency of the offices and quality of service get enhanced.

 

4 • Every country collects information on the number of people in the country, their age, sex, socio-economic status etc. and analyses these at specific intervals of time. This activity is known as population census.

Importance of population studies

  • Population studies help the government to quantitatively assess the different needs of the people and to plan activities and programmes accordingly.
  • Informs the availability of human ­resource in a country.
  • Depicts the extent of basic facilities ­required by the people.
  • Quantifies the goods and services ­required.
  • Determines the socio-economic ­development policies.

5.Ÿ Have been protecting us from foreign invasions from the north since ancient times.

Ÿ      Block the monsoon winds and cause rainfall throughout North India.

Ÿ      Prevent the dry cold winds blowing from the north from entering India during winter.

Ÿ      Caused the emergence of diverse flora and fauna.

Ÿ      Source region of rivers.

6   • Productivity of the workers ­increases.

  • Economic inequality is reduced.
  • Natural resources is utilized effectively.
  • Makes possible the development and use of advanced technology.
  1. There were many princely states with people speaking different languages. So there were demands from different parts of India for the formation of states on the basis of language.
  2. In 1920 the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress resolved to form its state committees on the basis of language. After independence, people agitated for the formation of states along linguistic lines. Potti Sriramalu, a freedom fighter, started satyagraha for the formation of Andhra Pradesh for Telugu speaking people. After 58 days of fasting, his martyedom and it intensified the mass agitation. Following this, in 1953, the Government of India formed the state of Andhra Pradesh for Telugu speaking people. After this, the demand for linguistic states intensified. The Government of India formed a Commission to reorganise Indian states on the basis of languages, with Fazl Ali as Chairman and H.N.Kunzru and K.M.Panikkar, a Keralite, as members. As per the recommendations of the Commission, the Parliament passed the States Reorganisation Act in 1956. Thus, 14 states and 6 union territories came into effect. Afterwards, new states were formed in various phases.
    1. • Production increases with the ­increase in efficiency and the number of working days.
    • Natural resources can be utilised properly.
    • Medical expense can be reduced, thereby reducing the government’s expenditure.
    1. The integration was really a herculean task and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the Union Minister entrusted with this mission. He appointed V.P.Menon, a Keralite, as Secretary of the Department of States. Patel and V. P. Menon prepared an Instrument of Accession, which stipulated that the princely states had to transfer their control over defence, external affairs, and information and communication to the Government of India. Following the diplomacy of the government and popular protests, majority of the princely states signed the Instrument of Accession and joined Indian Union. But some states such as Hyderabad, Kashmir and Junagarh resented. Finally they were also integrated into the Indian Union through conciliation talks and military interventions. Even after independence, France and Portugal continued their control over some places in India. Following mass protest, France handed over its territories under their control to India. Territories under the control of Portugal were accessed to India through military operations
    2. 10. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
      • To ensure universal primary education to all.
      • To improve educational facilities.

              Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)

      • To ensure access to secondary education.
      • To improve educational facilities.
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