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Parts of Speech

We can categorize English words into 9 basic types called “parts of speech” or “word classes”. It’s quite important to recognize parts of speech. This helps you to analyze sentences and understand them. It also helps you to construct good sentences.

Parts of Speech Table

This is a summary of the 9 parts of speech*. You can find more detail if you click on each part of speech.

part of speech function or “job” example words example sentences
Verb action or state (to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must Light Line News is a web site. I like Light Line News.
Noun thing or person pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John This is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.
Adjective describes a noun good, big, red, well, interesting My dogs are big. I like big dogs.
Determiner limits or “determines” a noun a/an, the, 2, some, many I have two dogs and some rabbits.
Adverb describes a verb, adjective or adverb quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really My dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.
Pronoun replaces a noun I, you, he, she, some Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.
Preposition links a noun to another word to, at, after, on, but We went to school on Monday.
Conjunction joins clauses or sentences or words and, but, when I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don’t like cats.
Interjunction short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence oh!, ouch!, hi!, well Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don’t know.

Parts of Speech Examples

Here are some examples of sentences made with different English parts of speech:

verb
Stop!

 

noun verb verb
John is working.

 

noun verb
John works.

 

pronoun verb noun
She loves animals.

 

noun verb noun adverb
Tara speaks English well.

 

noun verb adjective noun
Tara speaks good English.
pronoun verb preposition determiner noun adverb
She ran to the station quickly.

 

pron. verb adj. noun conjunction pron. verb pron.
She likes big snakes but I hate them.
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