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The Parliament of India

 

The Parliament of India

• The highest law making body in India – Parliament

  • Indian Parliament consists of Loksabha, Rajyasabha and President of India

• The upper house / house of elders / second chamber of
Parliament.

Rajyasabha

• The lower house / popular house / the first chamber.

Loksabha

• The article deals with Parliament –Article 79

• Indian Parliament is bicameral.

• Parliament building (Sansad Bhavan) is situated at – New Delhi (Designed by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker)

• It is inaugurated by Lord Irwin on –18th January 1927

• The shape of Parliament building  –Elliptical shape

• The Parliament is known as Mother of Parliaments – British Parliament.

• The oldest Parliament in the world – Althing (Iceland)

• The longest act passed by the Parliament  –Companies Act 1956

RAJYASABHA

• The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the
Parliament of India.

• The Rajya Sabha is known as ‘The House of Elders.‘

• The Rajya Sabha is an indirectly elected house.

• Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and is not subjected to
dissolution.

• One-third members of Rajya Sabha retire after every two years.

• The term of the office of a member of Rajya Sabha is  – six years

• Rajya Sabha was formed on –3rd April 1952

• Rajya Sabha held its first sitting on – 13 May 1952

• The ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha –  Vice President

• He presides over its sessions.

• The Deputy Chairperson who is elected from among the members of Rajya Sabha take care of the day to day matters of the house in the absence of the Chairman.

• The salary and other benefits for a member of Rajya Sabha are
same as for a member of Lok Sabha.

• The constitution fixed the maximum number of members of the
Rajya Sabha at 250.

• Out of 250 members 12, are nominated by the President from amongst persons who have achieved special or practical knowledge in the field of literature, science, art or social service. However they are not entitled to vote in Presidential Election.

 

Lok Sabha

1. Lok Sabha was constituted for the first time on 17 April 1952.

2. It is also known as House of People or lower house of Parliament

3. Maximum strength is 552 out of which 530 are elected from states and 20 from Union     Territories, 2 members are nominated from Anglo-Indian community.

4. Minimum age required for the membership is 25 years.

5. The presiding officer is Speaker.

6. Tenure – 5 years

7. A money bill can be introduced only in Lok Sabha.

8. President has the power to dissolve.

9. Articles deals with Speaker and Deputy Speaker-Article 93

 

Rajya Sabha

1. Rajya Sabha was constituted for the first time on 3rd April 1952.

2. It is also known as Council of State of States or Upper House of Parliament

3. Maximum strength is 250, out of which 238 are elected and 12 members are nominated   by the President from those who excellent in Literature, Science, arts, social service etc.

4. Minimum age required for the membership is 30 years.

5. The presiding officer is Vice- President of India.

6. It is a permanent body, but members have a tenure of 6
years. 1/3 members retire every 2 years

7. It has the power to retain the money bill upto a period of 14 years.

8. President has no power to dissolve.

9. Articles deals with Chairman and Deputy Chairman-Article 89

 

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