Thursday, March 16, 2023


Capital – Kohima

Official Language – English

Main spoken languages – Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema, Lotha

Area – 16, 579 Sq Km

Area Rank – 25th

Population – 19, 80,602

Population Rank – 24th

Population Density – 119/sq km

Literacy – 80.11 %

Literacy Rank – 9th

Sex Ratio – 931 females per 1000 male

Sex Ratio Rank – 17th

No of Districts – 11

Assembly seats – 60

Lok Sabha seats – 1

Rajya sabha seat – 1

Created on – 1 Dec 1963

First Chief Minister – P Shilu Ao

P Shilu Ao

First Governor – Vishnu Sahay

Highest peak – Mount Saramati

Mount Saramati

State Symbols of Nagaland

State Tree – Alder

State Flower – Rhododendron

State Animal – Methun

State Bird – Blyth’s Tragopan

Blyth’s Tragopan

Nagaland is a state in the far north-eastern part of India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Myanmar to the east and Manipur to the south. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Dimapur. It has an area of 16,579 km² with a population of 2,280,602 as per the 2012 census, making it one of the smallest states of India.

Below are some interesting facts about Nagaland:

Nagaland became full fledged 16th State of India on 1st December 1963. 91% of the state is hilly with “Mount Saramati” as the highest peak of Naga hills with a height of 3840 m. This mountain peak is shared with Myanmar and the mountain range forms a natural barrier to Myanmar Border. Falcons are irreplaceable part of the rich biodiversity of Nagaland. Hence, Nagaland is also know as ‘Falcon Capital of The World’.
Official language of Nagaland is English. The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes – Ao, Angami, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sumi, Chakhesang, Khiamniungan, Kachari, Phom, Rengma, Sangtam, Yimchungrü, Kuki, Zeliang and Pochury as well as a number of sub-tribes. Each tribe is unique in character with its own distinct customs, language and dress. Common thing among these tribes is all below Christianity. Nagaland is known as ‘Land of Festivals’. Each tribe has their own specific festivals and they celebrate it with full zest and zeal. ‘Hornbill’ festival is the major among all. Hornbill is an annual festival started by State Government in 2000. Nagaland is the home to the world’s hottest pepper- Bhut Jolokia or Ghost Pepper. It is grown mostly in every house here. The Naga Shawl is the symbol of social hierarchy. Each tribe has its own distinctive design, pattern and style that helps to discern one from the other. Local tribes have formed an organization to safeguard their customs, rights and issues. Organization is called ‘Naga Hoho’. Indians need Inner Line Permit to enter Nagaland, whereas Foreigners need to do registration at FRO at State Border entrance.

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