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Important personalities and their contribution in Indian History

Gopal Krishna Gokhale 1886-1915
• Gandhiji regarded him as his political guru.
• President or the Banaras Session of INC, 1905, supported the Swadeshi Movement.
• Founded the Servants of Indian Society in 1905, to train people who would work as national missionaries.

Gopal Hari Deshmukh ‘Lokahitwadi’ 1823-1892
• He was a social reformer from Maharashtra.
• He founded the Punar Vivah Mandal at Ahmedabad to encourage widow remarriage.
• He wrote articles in the Maharashtra weekly, Prabhakar, under the pen name, Lokhitwadi.
• He helped in the launch of periodicals like Jhan Prakash, Indu Prakash and Lokhitwadi and also started a weekly ‘Hitechchhu’ in both Gujarati and English.

Govind Ballabh Pant 1889-1961
• He participated in the agitation against the Simon Commission, CDM and Quit India Movement.
• He was the first Chief Minister of UP and prepared the “Pant Report” on agrarian reforms in UP.
• He abolished Zamindari System in UP.
• He was elected as the Home Minister in 1955 and is a recipient of ’Bharat Ratna’.

Indulal Yagnik 1892-1972
• He was a social reformer freedom fighter and journalist from Gujarat.
• He participated in Home Rule Movement and Kaira Satyagrah.
• He was n member of Antyaj Seva Mandal and set up schools for tribal children.
• He presided over the Akhil Hindu Kisan Sabha in 1942.
• He founded the Gujarat Vidyapeeth and established Maha Gujarat Janta Parishad after independence.
• Newspapers/Journals—Navjivan Ane Satya (monthly), Nutan Gujarat (daily)

Jawaharlal Nehru 1889-1964
• General Secretary of INC in 1928 and its President in 1929.
• The Independence resolution was passed under his Presidentship at the Lahore Session.
• First Prime Minister of Republic India (from 1947 to 1964), also known as the architect of Modern India.
• He authored the Doctrine of Panchseel and believed in the policy of non-Alignment.
• Books — ‘The Discovery of India’, ‘Glimpses of world, History’, ‘A Bunch of Old Letters’, ‘The Unity of India’, ‘Independence and After’, ‘India and the world’ etc.
• His autobiography was entitled as “Autobiography”.

Jamnalal Bajaj 1889-1942
• An industrialist and freedom fighter from Rajasthan, he was given the title of Rai Bahadur in 1921.
• He founded Gandhi Seva Sangha, Gau Seva Sangha, Sasta Sahitya Mandal and assisted in the establishment of Satyagrah Ashram at Wardha.
• He gave Seagon village to Gandhiji who renamed it as Sevagram.
• He remained as the treasures or INC throughout his life.

Jayaprakash Narayana 1902-1979
• A freedom fighter from Bihar, he is popularly known as Loknayak.
• He was a follower of Marxist philosophy and advocated for the nationalization of heavy industries and abolition of Zamindari.
• He joined INC on Nehru’s offer and was jailed during CDM.
• He formed the All India Socialist Party in 1934.
• He actively participated in Quit India Movement and was imprisoned.
• He Joined the Bhoodan Movement of Vinoba Bhave.
• In 1975, he protested against the National Emergency and founded the Janata Party.

Jatindra Nath Das 1904-1929
• A revolutionary activist and freedom fighter from Bengal, he was arrested for his involvement in the Lahore Conspiracy Case.
• He died in imprisonment after observing 63 days fast, demanding better conditions of living for Indian prisoners.


Jyotiba Phule 1827-1890
• A social reformer from Maharashtra, he worked for the upliftment of the low castes.
• He was against the Brahmins’ organization like Prathana Samaj and Sarvajanik Sabha as they were concerned about the upper Varna only Phule wanted to replace Hindu religion with the “Sarvajanik Ishwar Pranit Satya”.
• He founded the Satyasadhak Samaj in 1873 for educating low caste people and authored the Sarvajanik Satyadharma Pustak.

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