Nobel prize is the most prestigious award in the world. This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation in stockholm, sweden. This prize consists of a medal, personal diploma and a cash award.
Every year since 1901,the Nobel prize has been awarded for achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, Literature and for peace. In 1968,Sveriges Riksbank(Swedens central bank)established prize in economic science in memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel prize.
who is a Nobel Prize Laureate?
A person or organization who is awarded with Nobel Prize is known as Nobel Laureate. The word “laureate” refers as laurel wreath. In ancient Greece it refers as a sign of honour.
Nobel Prize 2020.
The Nobel Prizes most years are presented to recipients in Stockholm and Oslo in December. Because of the coronavirus pandemic, the committees are changing their approaches. Some of the events in Stockholm will be canceled in favor of a digital ceremony for the Nobelists, and medals and diplomas are to be distributed to the recipients’ embassies and handed over in their home countries. Recipients may be invited to the award ceremony for 2021, if possible.
The Oslo ceremony for the peace prize will be smaller than in most years, with a limited audience.
Physiology or Medicine
Drs. Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice on Monday received the prize for their discovery of the hepatitis C virus. The Nobel committee said the three scientists had “made possible blood tests and new medicines that have saved millions of lives.”
Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez received the prize on Tuesday for their discoveries that have improved understanding of the universe, including work on black holes.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was jointly awarded on Wednesday to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna for their work on the development of Crispr-Cas9, a method for genome editing.