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15 Famous Indian Scientists and their Inventions

This article will discuss the famous Indian scientists and inventors throughout history and their wonderful contributions.

1.Prafulla Chandra Ray -1861-1944

Known as “Father of Indian Chemistry”, Prafulla Chandra Ray was a well-known Indian scientist and teacher and one of the first “modern” Indian chemical researchers.

He discovered the stable compound mercurous nitrite in 1896 and established Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works Ltd, India’s first pharmaceutical company in 1901.

Also a very passionate and devoted social worker, he did not support the caste system.


2.Salim Ali -1896-1987
Naturalist who helped develop Ornithology; also known as the “birdman of India”.

3.Srinivasa Ramanujan -1887-1920
Mathematician known for his brilliant contributions to contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.

4.C. V. Raman -1888-1970
Physicist who won Nobel Prize in 1930 for his Raman Effect.

5.Homi Jehangir Bhabha -1909-1966
Theoretical physicist; best known as the chief architect of the Indian atomic energy program.

6.Jagadish Chandra Bose -1858-1937
Physicist, biologist and archaeologist who pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics.

7.Satyendra Nath Bose -1894-1974
Mathematician and physicist; best known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein in formulating a theory related to the gaslike qualities of electromagnetic radiation.

8.A.P.J. Abdul Kalam -1931-2015
Known for his crucial role in the development of India’s missile and nuclear weapons programs.

9.Har Gobind Khorana -1922-2011
Biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in 1968 for demonstrating how the nucleotides in nucleic acids control the synthesis of proteins.

10.S.S. Abhyankar -1930-2012
Mathematician; famous for his outstanding contributions to algebraic geometry.

11.Meghnad Saha -1893-1956
Astrophysicist who developed the Saha equation, which explains chemical and physical conditions in stars.

12.Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar -1910-1995
Astrophysicist won the Nobel Prize in 1983 for his research on the evolutionary stages of massive stars.

13.Raj Reddy-1937
A.M. Turing Award-winning computer scientist, best known for his work related to large scale artificial intelligence systems.

14.Birbal Sahni -1891-1949
Paleobotanist known for his research on the fossils of the Indian subcontinent.

15.Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis -1893-1972
Statistician and physicist who founded the Indian Statistical Institute.

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